Montese, 841 mts above sea level, covers an area of over 80 square kilometres, from the rivers Panaro and Leo up to the mountain ridge which divides the provinces of Modena and Bologna. It developed at the foot of the fourteenth century fortress with its double walls, round-arched portal and crenellated tower which dominates the landscape. The first documentary reference to the settlement dates to 1178, when Trupaldus filius quondam Littonis de Montese donated property from inside and outside the castle to the monastery of St Pietro in Modena. On 28th August 1197 the people of Montese swore allegiance to the city-state of Modena. In 1212 Otto IV gave Montese in fiefdom to the Montecuccoli family, while in the XVII century the duke of Modena took it over directly. During the nineteenth century, the village became a holiday resort. Today, our territory, still immersed in greenery, is crossed by a network of paths which rediscovers ancient communication routes and is renowned for the production of mountain Parmesan Cheese, Montese Potatoes and chestnuts. For sports-lovers, there are an open-air swimming pool, tennis courts, boules ground, a ruzzola track (ruzzola is a traditional, rural game with ancient origins which involves launching a wooden disc – originally a round cheese was used - down a track) and a gym.